Identity columns can be very useful and also a source of serious frustration. If you’ve ever written a cursor or a while loop but forgotten to fetch the next record in your loop, you know that you can blow up an identity pretty quickly if your cursor is doing inserts. Even if you’ve put your entire cursor in a transaction and a try/catch, the identity counter will not rollback in the event of a failure. If you’ve had inserts performed AFTER your cursor blew up the identity, then you’d need to change the identity column back to the next value in the original series or just live with a giant gap in your identity values.
For example, let’s say you have an orders table with an Identity column named “ID”. The current identity value (ID for last Order created) is 50,000. Now let’s say you write a cursor or loop to insert a bunch of new orders from some data source that is outside the norm, but you forget the “FETCH NEXT FROM cursor INTO … ” line in your while loop and you execute the script. After a few seconds, you think to yourself – gee this script is taking a long time to run – let’s examine the code. After looking you realize what you’ve done and stop the script. You also have to rollback the transactions. Now you fix your script and run it again. All the orders create perfectly, except the ID is 150,001 and up. You have a gap of 100,001 IDs between the last one and current.
This really doesn’t matter all that much, but if you’re very anal retentive like me and have a dataset that isn’t all that important (I wouldn’t really recommend this for a mission critical application, unless you really have to), then here is how you can get back on track as if the cursor never blew up your identity in the first place.
The basic steps are as follows:
- Set your table’s identity to the last good record (before you blew it up with your cursor or while loop). In the example, that would be ID 50,000
- If you inserted into your table after you blew up Copy the data for each record inserted after your cursor blew up your identity (If not, then skip the following steps – step 1 is good enough), you need to insert copies of all the records that were inserted
- After inserting these copies, you’ll need to update tables with foreign keys to the new order ID
- Delete the “original” orders (the ones with ID over 150,000)
You’ll want to do all of this in a transaction so you don’t screw anything up even further. Following with our example, here is a script that would accomplish this task:
One thing to note about this – the DBCC CHECKIDENT function (MSDN docs here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/database-console-commands/dbcc-checkident-transact-sql?view=sql-server-2017) simply resets the seed to whatever you supply. The next insert will be your supplied number + 1. So for our example, the first insert after calling DBCC CHECKIDENT will be ID 50,001. Note that if you reseed your table but don’t delete any inserts above, you will run into insert conflicts down the line. Identity does not check to see if a value exists before inserting, so you will get an error if don’t fix it.
Of course, you could just leave your identity value at the new number and “mind the gap,” as the British would say, but this is an idea for how to deal with it if you choose to.
Excel has the ability to switch from manual calculations to automatic. Sometimes, this happens to sheets at what seems like random. I know there have been times when I’ve been working on a sheet, close it, and the next time I open it, my formulas aren’t updating until I click into the cell and then out of it. When manual mode is enabled, formulas won’t update until you explicitly edit a cell.
Sometimes, that is a huge benefit. Consider the following: You have a sheet with 10 columns x 10,000 rows where each column contains a number stored as text and you need to convert those rows. If you do this with automatic calculations on, it will take a while to run the conversion. With manual formatting, it’s almost instantaneous. Why? Because with automatic conversion, the sheet has to determine what needs to be recalculated after the conversion of every single cell. A brief description from the Microsoft documentation on calculation modes:
Excel performance: Improving calculation performance
The smart recalculation engine in Excel tries to minimize calculation time by continuously tracking both the precedents and dependencies for each formula (the cells referenced by the formula) and any changes that were made since the last calculation. At the next recalculation, Excel recalculates only the following:
- Cells, formulas, values, or names that have changed or are flagged as needing recalculation.
- Cells dependent on other cells, formulas, names, or values that need recalculation.
- Volatile functions and visible conditional formats.
Excel continues calculating cells that depend on previously calculated cells even if the value of the previously calculated cell does not change when it is calculated.
Because you change only part of the input data or a few formulas between calculations in most cases, this smart recalculation usually takes only a fraction of the time that a full calculation of all the formulas would take.
In manual calculation mode, you can trigger this smart recalculation by pressing F9. You can force a full calculation of all the formulas by pressing Ctrl+Alt+F9, or you can force a complete rebuild of the dependencies and a full calculation by pressing Shift+Ctrl+Alt+F9.
A keyboard shortcut (Windows – not sure about Mac) to switch between manual and automatic calculation modes:
- Alt + M, X, M (to manual)
- Alt + M, X, A (to automatic)
In order for that to work, you must continue to hold the alt key and then press M, X, then M/A.
Sometimes, you are surprised when functionality that should obviously have a configuration point does not. That is definitely the case when it comes to the default save path for Outlook attachments in Microsoft Outlook 2016
- Open The Registry Editor
- Hit the Windows key and type “regedit” to bring up the Registry Editor application
- Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office\16.0\Outlook\Options
- Create a String Value called “DefaultPath” and make the value be the folder location you want
Below is a screenshot of what your registry editor should look like after you’ve added the path:
Thanks to user KevonaOne on the Microsoft forums for this tip: Q: Office Outlook 2016: Default Save Location for Email Attachments
A colleague of mine recently asked about the possibility of adding a download button that would allow multiple files to be added to a single archive and downloaded. A quick google search lead me to the Nuget Package DotNetZip.
This is a great package and very intuitive to use. Within thirty minutes, I had it all wired into my application and it worked as expected. There were only a couple of minor details I had to work to get everything the way I wanted.
Here is the code:
This method takes an IEnumerable of strings that are the full disk file paths of the files I want to add to the zip file. In my application, I have a database that stores references to these filenames, so I have some logic outside of this method that creates the full file paths that I want.
From there, it’s a matter of creating a MemoryStream, instantiating the ZipFile, adding each file to the Zip, and saving out the memory stream to the Zip File.
The ExportDocumentResponse object is a custom object I have that allows me to pass this object back to my view (in this application, I’m using an MVP pattern where object is passed back to the View, which sets up the HttpResponse headers and copies the memory stream to the HttpResponse object (via the CopyTo method). That logic looks something like:
Also note that I have some interfaces with wrappers around common objects for the implementations (IHttpResponse, IStream) so that I can unit test these methods. Replacing IStream with a System.IO.MemoryStream instance and IHttpResponse with whatever HttpResponse object is part of your web environment (depends on whether you are using WebForms, MVC, etc) should make this solution usable without my implementations. One final note is that my IStream has a method called GetUnderlyingSource which returns a System.IO.Stream object – if replacing my code with an actual Stream implementation, the call can be simplified to just zipFile.Save(stream)
My favorite part is that the code for creating the Zip file is incredibly minimal – there are a total of four lines here that are dedicated to the library and the rest is all logic to support it and return the result to the user in my application. The one “configurable” part here is the second parameter to the AddFile method. I have input an empty string here, because I want all of the files to be placed at the root of the Zip File. When I used the variant of this method with a single parameter, the Zip File would save a folder structure that looked something like the actual file structure from where the files were located. Here is the definition of the AddFile method that pops up from intellisense:
fileName (string): The name of the file to add. The name of the file may be a relative path or a fully-qualified path.
directoryPathInArchive (string): Specifies a directory path to use to override any path in the fileName. This path may, or may not, correspond to a real directory in the current filesystem. If the files within the zip are later extracted, this is the path used for the extracted file. Passing null (Nothing in VB) will use the path on the fileName, if any. Passing the empty string (“”) will insert the item at the root path within the archive.
I’m a big fan of Ubiquiti’s UniFi access points. I think it’s generally a good idea to divorce the wireless capabilities from the router because you are more able to adapt when new wireless standards come out, and you don’t end up needing to replace a perfectly good 1Gbps router when that happens.
I love the level of insight and control of Ubiquiti’s devices (and the overall user interface – let’s gloss over the fact that it still relies on a Java plugin to run), but getting them to connect to a controller on Windows can be tricky. Here are some recommendations:
- Assign your UniFi device a static IP address. Do the same to the machine where you install the controller software, if you can
- Make sure you can ping your UniFi Access Point. If not, you have a problem with your network configuration
- If you’re getting a disconnections, try and SSH directly in to the device
- Windows now offers an optional install of SSH as an add on module to Windows, but I wasn’t able to connect to my UniFi because I received the following message:
Unable to negotiate with 192.168.xxx.xxx port 22: no matching key exchange method found. Their offer: diffie-hellman-group1-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,firstname.lastname@example.org
This means that the SSH installed via Windows couldn’t be used since it didn’t have one of those three key exchange methods available (note that after upgrading my UniFi firmware, the message changed, as it appears they are using more secure key exchanges now: ssh-rsa,ssh-dss).
- Since I couldn’t use SSH via Powershell, I downloaded good old PuTTY and connected to my UniFi access point that way
- Run “info” once connected via PuTTY to look for clues regarding your disconnected controller. The “Status” line shows whether or not the device is currently connected. If you see status Unknown (http://192.168.xxx.xxx), then you know there is an issue connecting to your controller. At least this message tells you whether or not your device is trying to communicate with the IP address where your controller resides
- Run “set-inform http://192.168.xxx.xxx:8080/inform” if your controller isn’t the IP displayed in the info box
- If you SSH’d in from a machine other than your controller, run a ping command to your controller to make sure that the access point can communicate with your controller
- Check your Windows Firewall rules
- On one controller, the connection to my access point was restored almost immediately as soon as I disabled Windows Firewall. Check that the rules created by the installation of the UniFi Controller software apply to all network types (public, private, domain) that you use to communicate with the outside world
- In my case, the problem was Java was being blocked from private network connections. Once I added private networks to the “Allow” rules, the connection restored almost immediately
- Check out this post if you’re having trouble identifying what program is blocking your connection: https://superuser.com/questions/1130078/how-to-tell-which-windows-firewall-rule-is-blocking-traffic
“Fix” is a bit of a loose term for this solution because it will restore your computer to a workable state without losing any files or applications, but you have to disable Windows Updates so the affected update doesn’t continue to be downloaded over and over again.
Update: There is now a patch out to fix this: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4090913/march5-2018kb4090913osbuild16299-251. Note that when I checked for updates using Windows Update, it downloaded the bad patch again, so I uninstalled that and downloaded the patch linked from the article above (Actual link to download the update is http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/Search.aspx?q=KB4090913).
If you encounter the blue screen of death with the message “Inaccessible Boot Device” and a frowny face, you’ve probably just updated Windows and the computer attempted to reboot.
I will not take any credit for this fix, as I spent several days looking for ways to resolve this problem when it affected machines in my office. A huge thanks goes to reddit user zosan for providing this excellent, step-by-step guide:
How-To: Fix "INACCESSIBLE_BOOT_DEVICE" caused by Win10 Spectre builds 16299.125 or 16299.192. from pcgaming
Hopefully Microsoft resolves this sometime soon so updates don’t have to be disabled too long.
In an earlier post, I wrote about how to setup auto-forwarding for a user’s email if they are on an extended leave from the office. One of the interesting problems that has arisen once that employee returned was that their email folder was still showing up in my list of mailboxes in Outlook 2016, even after the forward was disabled and delegate access was confirmed as being removed/never setup in the first place.
Resolving the issue involves a little bit of Powershell, and while the script code isn’t terribly difficult, I did have to piece it together from a couple of different sources and deal with the fact that I had MFA (multi-factor authentication) enabled on my account.
In the end, I disabled MFA briefly on my account while I executed the script below. I was unsuccessful being able to connect to Exchange Online via Powershell with MFA and gave up because I didn’t think it was worth my time to troubleshoot for something that was fairly insignificant for my use case.
Below is the script I used:
Every once in a while I come across a problem where I open an Excel document and am notified of external references, even though I’m certain the document doesn’t or shouldn’t contain any external references. A common message is:
This workbook contains links to one or more external sources that could be unsafe
In order to find these references in Excel 2016, click the “Data” tab at the top. Then, under the “Queries and Connections” section, choose “Edit Links.” From there, a dialog will pop up showing any links and allowing you to check the status of the links. If the links are truly broken, checking the status should confirm that.
To break the connection, you can simply choose “break” with the appropriate connection selected. Any cell where a value was dependent on the connection was be converted to the current value, so you shouldn’t lose data by breaking the connection – it will simply no longer update along with the connected data source.
Every once in awhile I get the urge to clean up emails and get rid of a bunch of stuff I just don’t need. On one hand, it’s nice to be able to reference old emails, but on the other you risk exposing your personal information to potential evil-doers (hackers or even mining/advertiser information if you’re using a freemail account like Gmail). Do you really need those emails from 8 years ago? Probably not.
Anyway, regardless of the motivation, here are some useful filters that I use:
Gmail filters listed below are all performed by typing the unbolded text from the bullets below into your search box. You can combine them in any way you like – just put a space between each filter
- All unread email: label:unread
- All emails sent or received prior to a specific date: before:2018/1/1
- All emails without a label: -has:userlabels
- All emails not in the inbox, sent, drafts, or chat folders: -in:inbox -in:drafts -in:sent -in:chat
- All emails with attachments: has:attachment
- All emails at least as large as a certain size (in bytes – example is about 5MB): size:5242880
Outlook is a little bit different as it offers some pretty powerful features such as search folders, but filtering can still be performed by using the search box for most items
- All unread email (multiple options):
- Choose the folder you want
- On the right side of the mail pane, there is a dropdown that defaults to “All.” You can select “Unread” from the dropdown to see only unread
- Create a search folder
- On the left pane (of the default view) that shows your email folders, scroll down to the bottom of the Data File/Account where you want to view unread messages
- Look for a folder called “Search Folders”
- Right click on “Search Folders” and choose “New Search Folder”
- Select “Unread Mail” from the list in the popup window that opens and hit OK
- Drag the new “Unread Mail” search folder into your favorites (Optional)
- All emails received prior to a specific date: received:<2018/1/1
- All emails sent prior to a specific date: sent:<2018/1/1
- All emails with attachments: hasattachment:yes (or has:attachment)
- All emails with an attachment matching a specific file extension: ext:jpg
- All emails at least as large as a certain size (in bytes – example is about 5MB): messagesize:>=5 MB
Converting SQL data types can be a bit finicky, and, at least for this guy, converting a stored, large integer value to a string is not intuitive at all.
I mostly run into this when I import values from some data source like an Excel sheet that stores values like tracking numbers as a float. From there, I usually write a cursor to update tables in my system with these values, and when those tables use a column type of varchar or nvarchar, you have to convert from float type to varchar
One would think that using CAST(varchar(50), TrackingNumber) would do the trick, but when this cast is made, the value is stored in scientific notation.
The real trick is to first convert the int value to a bigint and THEN convert it to a varchar, as shown below:
CONVERT(varchar(50), CONVERT(bigint, TrackingNumber))